News Organizations

News organizations—like organizations in all industries—are specialized entities that are functionally assembled to efficiently achieve the work of their industry, the creation of news. Organizations define the nature of work, divide that work into specific tasks, design jobs around these tasks, coordinate the tasks, and create processes that ensure work quality. News organizations have primarily three types of work to coordinate—journalism, business, and technology: journalists create news and information products that are presented to audiences; business personnel market the journalism products to audiences and advertisers; technology and journalism are merged to design, produce, and distribute journalism contents across media platforms. All these tasks are overseen by an organization’s management.

News organizations comprise what is broadly referred to as the press, or news media. They vary greatly ...

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