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Integrated Threat Theory

Threats are pervasive in intercultural relations. They occur between cultural groups as well as between individual members of different cultures. This entry focuses primarily on individuals’ perceptions and feelings of threat to their group and to themselves as members of that group. Interculturalists may typically be more concerned with individual-level than group-level threats, but threats at the group level constantly loom in the background and cannot be ignored, particularly in some types of intercultural programs, such as reconciliation programs. This entry will review a comprehensive model of threat that is useful in specifying types of intercultural threats. It will discuss both the causes and the consequences of intercultural threats and explore in more detail one specific type of threat, intergroup anxiety, and ways of reducing ...

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