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Gender theory is a methodological approach to the study of human sex differences, which emerged in the 1970s among feminists working in various social and behavioral sciences and the humanities. The approach posits that the social aspects of sex differences, such as sex roles, hierarchies, imagery, and identities, are culturally constructed rather than provided by nature. In other words, biology is not destiny when it comes to gender.

This entry describes the key elements of gender theory, the origins of its emergence, and some of the major developments since that time. It also looks at the significance of gender theory in socially engaged scholarship, as well as a number of criticisms that the methodology has garnered.

Gender Theory: Core Element

The key element of all studies that look ...

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