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Facial Expressions/Universal

The face is one of the most complex signal systems humans use to communicate. Of all the channels of nonverbal communication, the face is the most intricate. It is the channel of nonverbal behavior most studied by scientists. It is a conduit that can produce both involuntary reactions and voluntary gestures. And arguably, it is the seat of the greatest amount of information that is conveyed nonverbally. That’s why we have face-to-face interactions. Sometimes we need to get in people’s faces. When we have meetings with others, this is face time, and sometimes we need to face off. When talking with others, we need to face the facts or face the consequences. People show face and save face; and there is even the notion of ...

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