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The double-swing model is a conceptualization of how individuals, cultures, and intercultural notions can interact in creative ways. This is an integrative dialogical process where two individuals co-create and co-evolve through the encounter. The model identifies and gives new meaning to the realm that exists “in between” individuals and cultures.

This entry describes the origin and development of the model, defines the model, describes its applications to various fields, and explains its significance within disciplines and professions.

Origin and Development of the Model

The model grew out of the author’s own intercultural encounters in the early 1960s. Based on his experiences, he wrote his doctoral dissertation The Dialogical Approach to Japanese-American Intercultural Encounter (1980), which developed the concept of the dialogical mode of communication. The concept of ...

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