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Like other social sciences, the field of psychology has incorporated culture into many of its theories and much of its research. Psychology has also made significant contributions to the interdisciplinary field of intercultural communication and to an understanding of what it means to be interculturally competent. The initial focus of this entry is on the various psychological approaches to culture, or subfields of psychology including cross-cultural psychology, cultural psychology, and multicultural psychology. Subsequently, the focus shifts to a few key theories that are relevant to intercultural communication and culture, with brief summaries of social identity theory, intergroup contact theory, stereotype threat, emotional intelligence, and Lev Vygotsky’s social developmental theory.

The early foundations of psychology were predicated on the idea that culture did not play a large ...

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