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This entry focuses on defining intercultural competence. Traditional studies and literature on intercultural competence often define this concept in terms of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. In fact, definitions of competence generally emphasize the broad categories of knowledge, skills, and attitudes, frequently termed KSAs, ASKs, or some variation thereof. The term competence, which is contested in the literature due in part to its conceptual deficits and its casual use, has also been equated with a discrete skill set, although not usually in the case of intercultural competence, given its process-oriented nature. Competence, in this case, refers to that of an individual, and many of the definitions of intercultural competence over the past half-century have evolved from European and Anglophone perspectives that tend to emphasize the individual ...

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