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Culture-Specific Identity Development Models

Culture-specific identity development models are an offspring of the social movements of the 1960s and 1970s. Technically and demographically speaking, America has always been a culturally diverse country; however, from 1776 to the mid-1950s, various means were employed at the local, state, and national levels to suppress the status and participation of various social groups, inclusive of all women and people of color. In the case of women, their suppression was achieved through customs, traditions, and the law, while slavery and violence (including genocide) were used to deny the equal participation of African Americans and Native Americans. Mapping each group’s struggle against oppression is beyond the scope of this entry, but, fast-forwarding to the mid-20th century, each marginalized group found a voice through the social ...

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