In the late 1980s, Michael Harris Bond, a Canadian psychologist based for many years in Hong Kong, began orchestrating a series of studies to either prove or disprove the existence of a possible Western bias in existing cross-cultural research. Many of these studies involved the participation of a global network of Bond’s colleagues, who collectively operated under the name The Chinese Culture Connection. Confucian Work Dynamism (later shortened to Confucian Dynamism) is the label that was given to one particular dimension that arose from this group’s research. The other three dimensions were labeled Integration, Human-Heartedness, and Moral Discipline.

Chinese Value Survey

The first step for The Chinese Culture Connection was to survey Chinese social scientists, asking each of them to offer a list of 10 fundamental and ...

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