Intellectual Disabilities: Severe and Profound

Intellectual disabilities can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe and profound. This entry examines individuals with intellectual disabilities who fall into the latter category. These are individuals who will require significant levels of ongoing support to participate successfully in home, school, and community life. This entry defines severe and profound intellectual disabilities; describes the characteristics, etiology, and prevalence of this group of individuals; and describes the service delivery principles that provide the foundation of effective educational and community service programs.

Definition of Severe and Profound Intellectual Disabilities

The terms intellectual disabilities and developmental disabilities refer to a wide range of individuals with disabilities. These terms are often paired because many of the individuals with whom professionals work have, in addition to intellectual disabilities, other physical and/or ...

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