Human Genome Project

The Human Genome Project (HGP) was an international, collaborative research program whose primary aims were to determine the identity of the three billion nucleotides composing the human genome and characterize the full repertoire of genes encoded therein. Completion of the HGP has provided researchers with a blueprint of human biology and greatly enhanced understanding of human genetics, including a greater appreciation of how DNA shapes biology, development, disease susceptibility, and susceptibility to psychological and behavioral disorders. Insights from the HGP are now providing a foundation for further work aimed at clarifying the etiology of a wide range of medical conditions. This entry introduces the HGP with reference to its history of development and further explores how the HGP continues to impact research on disease ...

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