Homeschooling is an increasingly popular option in the landscape of educational choice, with an estimated 1.7 million U.S. homeschoolers in 2011—more than doubling in number since 1999—but the number of homeschoolers with intellectual and developmental disorders is difficult to determine. Internationally, where the practice is more commonly referred to as “home education,” participants are significantly fewer but appear to be increasing in countries where it is explicitly legal. This entry examines reasons for homeschooling, homeschooling regulations, and homeschooling outcomes, with a focus on homeschoolers with intellectual and developmental disorders.

Reasons for Homeschooling

Homeschooling takes a variety of forms, but in some way involves a parent exercising primary oversight over at least part of the educational process. For some families, this means schooling taking place almost entirely at ...

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