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Health-Related Disorders

Acute and chronic health-related disorders in childhood are numerous and are very often associated with other problems of development and adjustment. Type 1 diabetes, cystic fibrosis, asthma, and food allergies are just some of the many common acute and chronic health conditions of childhood (for a partial list, see Table 1). Many of these diseases and conditions come with chronic pain or fatigue, other developmental delays, or co-occurring medical conditions, and impact a child’s and family’s day-to-day functioning as well as long-term adjustment.

Table 1 A Partial List of Pediatric Health-Related Disorders

type 1 diabetes

cystic fibrosis


food allergies

epilepsy and seizure disorders

craniofacial abnormalities

spina bifida

sickle cell anemia

pediatric multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases

gastrointestinal disorders

mitochondrial disorders

genetic and sex-linked chromosomal syndromes

chronic/recurrent pain

cerebral palsy

tic disorders/Tourette’s

deafness/hearing impairments



muscular dystrophy

cardiovascular and heart disease




sleep disorders

feeding disorders




eating disorders


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