Elementary Education for Students With Developmental Disabilities

Developmental disabilities (DD) are severe, chronic disabilities that are evidenced by mental or physical impairments or a combination of both and occur between birth and 21 years of age. Although the functioning levels vary across children with DD, difficulties in learning become more evident when they enter elementary school, where abstract reasoning skills and academic performance are required. Many students with DD who are entering the school system have difficulty adjusting to educational environments, which hinders their development and learning. Because students with DD often display problem behavior during interactions with others when they cannot express their needs and wants, elementary education for students with DD requires addressing academic, social, and behavioral goals. This entry discusses various approaches to providing elementary education to students ...

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