Developmental dysgraphia is a specific learning disability of written language that manifests itself as imprecise letter formation during handwriting, poor use of spatial planning on paper, incomplete writing, and inaccurate spelling, which all contribute to illegibility. Individuals with dysgraphia often show a poor or awkward pen grasp and tire easily during writing despite receiving typical instruction for handwriting, spelling, and writing. However, when they pick up a pencil to write, their handwriting is illegible with a mix of upper and lower case letters that are inconsistent in size. Some students report experiencing cramped fingers, which requires them to write more slowly in an attempt to gain credit for their knowledge. Although oral language formulation can be intact, individuals describe difficulties generating ideas and retrieving words ...

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