Disorders of Elimination

Children with developmental disabilities are more likely to evince disorders of elimination than the general population. Disorders of elimination occur in children who have problems going to the bathroom. These include enuresis (problems with urinating) and encopresis (problems with defecating). This set of related behaviors can produce a great deal of distress. Without effective treatment, these problems persist into adulthood, becoming a major restriction in independent living and negatively affecting an individual’s overall quality of life. This entry provides information on both enuresis and encopresis, including definitions of each disorder and possible causes for each. Information is also provided on the assessment and treatment of each of these disorders in children with developmental disabilities.


Enuresis can be described as the repeated involuntary passing of urine in ...

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