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Biofeedback

Biofeedback is a tool used to train individuals to modify their physiological functions in the service of enhancing overall health, emotional adjustment, and performance. Specialized instruments are affixed to the body to measure physiological activity, such as breathing patterns, muscle activity, heart rate, skin conductance, and temperature. “Feeding back” these data in real time helps build greater self-awareness of subtle physiological cues, strengthen self-regulation skills, and enhance quality of life. This entry describes goals of treatment, different modalities, and evidence-based clinical applications, as well as research limitations in the area of developmental disorders.

Goals of Biofeedback

One of the fundamental goals of biofeedback is to help cue the body to restore homeostasis, or equilibrium of our bodily functions, after it has been disrupted. The autonomic nervous ...

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