Bilingualism and disabilities is an increasingly important topic for families, educators, and other professionals given the rise of individuals learning English and the rise of bilingual people within the United States and other countries. Studies across time have illustrated that bilingualism does not elicit confusion in language development, has no intrinsic harmful effect on development, and has some significant social and cognitive advantages for individuals without disabilities. Naturally, questions arise about impacts of bilingualism on learning, cognitive, and development outcomes for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) as do questions about ways to best address these individuals’ needs. This entry addresses three critical issues: (a) the challenges of assessment and detection of ID/DDs in bilingual children, (b) the impacts of bilingualism on development, ...

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