Anoxia is defined as a complete absence of oxygen to an organ or tissue in the body. Although there are several types of anoxia, this entry focuses on that which occurs primarily during the prenatal, perinatal, or neonatal periods and results in developmental and/or intellectual disabilities. This entry begins by defining important terms that are often used interchangeably when discussing anoxia, then moves to discussing possible causes and symptoms of anoxia as well as discussing prognosis of anoxic injuries. It ends with a discussion of the supports and resources that may be beneficial given the potential impact of anoxic brain injuries.

Whereas anoxia refers to a lack of oxygen, hypoxia refers to reduced oxygen levels, particularly to the brain. Anoxia is typically more severe than hypoxia, ...

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