The temporal lobe comprises one of the four major regions of the cerebral cortex, the outermost layer of the brain. The cortex is divided into two halves or hemispheres, which are distinct in both anatomy and behavioral function, and is made up of a number of bumps or folds called gyri and valleys or creases called sulci. There are several deep sulci within the cortex known as fissures, and three major fissures further divide the cortex into the four lobes of the brain (frontal lobe, temporal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe). The temporal lobe is located below the lateral Sylvian fissure and in front of the occipital lobe. The temporal lobe is involved in auditory and visual processing, integrating auditory/visual stimuli with emotional processes, and ...

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