Psychological testing refers to systematic behavioral sampling through the administration, scoring, and interpretation of test scores according to normative standards based on empirical data and is often relevant to cognitive, academic, occupational, or emotional functioning. Psychological tests take a variety of forms, including instruments that evaluate cognitive functioning or intellectual abilities, as well as questionnaires, rating scales, or inventories of behaviors and psychiatric symptoms. Personality tests are also sometimes considered among psychological testing measures and may include use of projective techniques or may gather information about one’s preferences, attitudes, and interests. Psychological tests are essential tools that psychologists across clinical, educational, and industrial/organizational settings use to gather specific data, which, when used appropriately and skillfully, can inform decision making regarding educational or occupational placements and ...

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