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Nutrition in Childhood and Adolescence

Childhood and adolescence is a period of biological, psychosocial, emotional, and cognitive growth and development. Good nutrition enhances growth and development during this time. Children’s diets influence their growth and health during childhood and adolescence and are important for the prevention of chronic diseases of adulthood. This entry examines the importance of nutrition during childhood and adolescence, and the additional nutrition concerns of those with intellectual disorders and developmental disorders (ID/DD) during this period.

Growth

Early and middle childhood is a time of slow, steady growth until the onset of puberty occurs. During this latent period, growth rates are slower than at any other time between infancy and adulthood. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased considerably during the past few decades. To prevent excess weight ...

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