The brain is responsible for the translation of signals, which enables us to know how and when we need to act. Nerve cells, called neurons, relay impulses that are responsible for our actions, thoughts, emotions, and functions via neurotransmitters. The study of neurotransmitters has led to advances in understanding some of the causes of psychiatric disorders and to the development of specific medications to treat them. This entry provides an introduction into neurotransmitters, their function, their types, and how they affect overall health.

Function of Neurotransmitters

The brain has billions of neurons. Neurons are not directly connected to each other. They rely on neurotransmitters, which are molecules or chemicals, to communicate with each other across a space called the synapse or synaptic cleft. Neurotransmitters are stored in ...

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