Metacognitive Training

Metacognition refers to the neurologically based cognitive process in which an individual reflects on one’s own thought processes for the purposes of meeting a goal. Essentially, this thinking process involves knowing how one is learning more than what content one is learning. Although the origin of the term is not entirely clear, it is widely accepted that John Flavell first coined the term metacognition in the 1970s. Metacognitive training is practicing procedures in an effort to improve metacognition. Training that focuses on improving an individual’s awareness of thinking processes and engaging in strategies to meet a goal are considered the most effective in improving learning skills. Individuals who are identified as possessing strong metacognitive skills are considered to be more effective learners, so curriculum program ...

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