Personality assessment is the process of gathering information about an individual to make inferences about personal characteristics, including thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Raymond B. Cattell identified three primary sources of obtaining such personality information: life data, or information collected from objective records; test data, or information obtained in constructed situations in which a person’s behavior can be observed and objectively scored; and questionnaire data, or information from self-report questionnaires. Each type of data is used to make assessments of personality within contemporary industrial and organizational (I-O) psychology. Common forms of life data might include information contained in a résumé or an application blank and examinations of court, financial, or driving records in background checks. Test data would include scores on personality-based dimensions derived from the ...

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