Performance appraisal refers to the systematic measurement and evaluation of work behaviors, potential, or outputs (i.e., performance) as part of an organization’s performance management system. These appraisals typically are conducted at the individual level of the employee but also may include formal appraisals across levels (e.g., teams, units). Performance appraisals typically focus on behaviors or performance dimensions that are required of the position, typically identified by conducting job analyses of the position. Performance appraisals focus on the primary aspects of one’s job requirements and tend not to include discretionary behaviors. Reflecting social, political, and organizational changes, performance appraisal systems continue to evolve to serve many different individual and organizational purposes.

Brief History

Performance appraisals began to grow in popularity with the Industrial Revolution of the early 20th ...

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