Organizational socialization refers to the process whereby new employees move from being organizational outsiders to becoming functioning organizational insiders. Socialization has been called the process of learning the ropes of being an effective employee. Organizational socialization tactics are the ways organizations socialize new employees. These tactics vary on a number of dimensions that range from formal to informal in nature.

Successful socialization should lead to an effective employee who feels confident, has limited role conflict and role ambiguity, feels accepted by his or her coworkers, and understands the organization’s culture. These positive accommodation (or adjustment) factors then lead to enhanced job satisfaction, organizational commitment, job performance, decreased stress, enhanced job and organizational fit, and lowered turnover. Unsuccessful socialization can be identified by poor performance, poor fit, ...

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