Labor law refers to the body of laws, regulations, and case law that governs unionization and collective bargaining in the workplace. Labor law is distinct from employment law, which deals with claims of individual employees under employment contracts and statutory protections. Labor laws vary in their coverage and protections across countries and even within a country. This entry focuses on labor relations among private employers, which is governed by national law.

The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) governs unionization and collective bargaining in private companies across the United States. Enacted in 1935 as the Wagner Act, the NLRA has undergone several significant amendments that have provided greater protections for employer interests. Since its inception, the NLRA has not covered any public employees (who are covered by ...

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