Job sharing describes the sharing of one full-time job by two part-time employees, requiring interaction and collaboration between the two part-time employees in completing their work goals. Generally, pay and benefits are distributed equally among the part-time workers involved in job sharing. Objectives of job sharing include improved management of work and family responsibilities, better retention of highly qualified employees, leveraging the skills and experiences of two part-time employees instead of one full-time employee, and higher flexibility for the employees involved. As a part-time employment option, job sharing is often discussed—in both research and practice—in association with other family-friendly practices and flexible working arrangements.

History and Prevalence of Job Sharing

Job sharing was first developed in the 1960s to provide employees with more part-time employment opportunities. In ...

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