Job crafting is a proactive, discretionary behavior in which workers take action to make meaningful changes to the work they do. Job crafting differs from traditional job-design approaches to the work in that the workers themselves are making changes to how the job is performed, rather than management dictating those changes to them. In order to better understand such worker-initiated changes, Amy Wrzesniewski and Jane Dutton—two positive organizational scholars—developed a model of job crafting. According to their model, workers craft their jobs to create greater alignment between their work and their passions, strengths, and values. That is, job crafters shape the meaning of their work and their work identity. Job crafting is thus thought to relate to a range of constructs in positive organizational psychology: ...

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