Viewing the Hawthorne studies as the linchpin that connected scientific management to new thinking and practice, the human relations movement is the result. This entry approaches the human relations movement from three vantage points:

  • Genesis and growth of the movement
  • Key concepts and practices of the human relations movement
  • Role of the movement in shaping the history and trajectory of industrial and organizational (I-O) psychology

Further readings are provided at the end of this entry. The entry clarifies that researching investigators, practicing consultants, and working managers contributed to the human relations movement.

Genesis and Growth of the Movement

Two early figures, related through the Hawthorne studies and Harvard Business School, were Fritz J. Roethlisberger and G. Elton Mayo. Roethlisberger was a Harvard Business School professor for 40 years; Mayo was a ...

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