Hardiness consists of three interrelated belief systems people have about their relationship to their world. Commitment refers to people’s ability to find meaning in their experiences. People who are high in commitment feel involved in and engaged by events in their lives rather than feeling alienated, disengaged, or disconnected. Control refers to the sense that, through effort, one can influence the world. People who are high in control feel capable of responding to life’s demands rather than being helpless. Challenge refers to the belief that to be fulfilled, people must gain wisdom from experience, rather than living a life that is completely safe, secure, and/or routine. People who are high in challenge tend to view potentially stressful events as opportunities for personal growth, rather than ...

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