The dyad, or pair of people, is the most basic unit of interpersonal interactions in the workplace. Even workgroups and teams have a fundamental dyadic component in that employees are likely to have different types of relationships with one another. Managers and subordinates are also inherently grouped in pairs. Dyadic data analysis refers to the statistical analysis of data from pairs of people. In analyses of such data, specific attention needs to be paid to the extent to which the scores from the two people in the pair are nonindependent and also to the appropriate unit of analysis. Dyadic data analysis, therefore, is more complicated than the analysis of data collected from independent individuals.

Nonindependence in Dyads

When scores are provided by two people within a dyad, ...

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