Competency modeling is a method of collecting and organizing job information and worker attributes into broad competencies. Competencies are descriptions of the characteristics and qualities that a person needs to possess to perform successfully in a particular job, job family, or functional area. Competencies date back to the early 1900s, when the first use of assessment centers incorporated aspects of competencies. In 2000, the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology formed the Job Analysis and Competency Modeling Task Force to better understand and codify how competencies were being and should be used. This group provided guidance on the following questions: (a) What is a competency? (b) What is the difference between competency modeling and job analysis? (c) Why are competencies so appealing to organizations? ...

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