Automation/Advanced Manufacturing Technology/Computer-Based Integrated Technology

Automation usually refers to the replacement of human work by machines. The word was first used by the Ford Motor Company in the 1940s to describe automatic handling and machine-feeding devices in their manufacturing processes. Automation is most commonly associated with manufacturing; however, it continues to extend across sectors and is poised to make greater inroads into traditional white-collar jobs (e.g., in health, education, law, and government) over the coming years through innovations in machine learning, artificial intelligence, enhanced connectivity, and advanced data analytics. Advanced manufacturing technology (AMT) is a special instance of automation and usually refers to computer-based manufacturing technologies and support systems. Examples include computerized numerically controlled machine tools, robotics, computer-aided design, and computer-supported production control systems. Few, if any, manufacturing companies in ...

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