Recipients of doctoral degrees in industrial and organizational (I-O) psychology face a forked path: One path leads to positions in academia, and the other leads to applied positions in nonprofit, for-profit, and public-sector organizations. This entry explains the academic pathway, beginning with a general description of the types of positions available in academia (e.g., tenure-track vs. non-tenure-track) and then focusing more specifically on the nature of the work performed by I-O psychologists in college and university settings.

Tenure and Titles in Academia

A critical distinction is made between tenure-track and non-tenure-track positions in academia. Tenure is an employment status that applies once a faculty member passes through an institutionally defined probationary period. Faculty in the midst of this probationary period are referred to as being “on ...

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