In the past 30 years, the national economy of China has been growing rapidly, which has made this country the world’s second-largest economy. A considerable amount of Chinese enterprises became influential to the world. These phenomena introduce new questions in industrial and organizational (I-O) research and practice such as whether Western managerial theories explain the rapid development of the Chinese economy and whether certain characteristics of China should be incorporated into I-O theory development and practice. Aiming to provide insights into these questions, this entry will deliberate on traditional Chinese culture, the characteristics of Chinese people, and the economic background of Chinese enterprises.

In each section, you will see how some Western managerial theories are applicable to the Chinese cultural/economic background (such as collectivism, long-term orientation, ...

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