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Corpus Linguistics

Corpus linguistics is a branch of linguistics that involves the purposeful collection of naturally occurring spoken or written language samples for linguistic analysis. Corpus linguistics has been described as a methodology—a way of doing linguistics—rather than a theory. It is about the creation and the preparation of the natural language samples that can then be used for linguistics analysis from any number of theoretical perspectives. The analytical methods used to describe corpora depend on the researcher’s inquiries and may align with a range of linguistic theories, from descriptive grammars to sociolinguistic methods.

For example, some researchers are interested in how vocabulary or grammatical structure changes over time. Others are interested in typical language use so the material can be used to teach those learning the ...

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