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Circumlocution and Avoidance in Stuttering

Stuttering is a speech production disorder that tends to develop and change over time according to an individual’s experiences, thoughts, and emotions. Many models of stuttering development focus on the dynamic nature of an individual’s sense of anticipation of stuttering episodes and his or her reactions to stuttering.

Given that episodes of stuttering commonly evoke feelings of embarrassment and frustration on the part of people who stutter as well as negative reactions from listeners, stutterers commonly attempt to conceal stuttering. They develop several tactics to achieve this, many of which are described in the literature as avoidance behaviors. One set of these behaviors, word avoidances, includes word omission, substitution, and circumlocution. This entry discusses types, development, patterns, and consequences of word avoidance. It also addresses ...

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