Arthritis is a health condition that primarily affects the joints in the human body. Cartilage, bone, ligaments, tendons, and other connective tissues may be affected. The two main subtypes are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Both subtypes are characterized by pain, stiffness, and impaired mobility. Arthritis can run in families and is affected by behavioral and other health-related factors. Both subtypes of arthritis are considered progressive and are treated symptomatically. This entry discusses an increased understanding of the effects of arthritis on the larynx, or voice box, which has improved the effectiveness of voice treatments in this population.

Osteoarthritis is typically associated with aging. Joints may be injured when an individual is younger; during aging, the cartilage gradually deteriorates, causing pain and limited movement. Other potential causes ...

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