The term anchored assessment refers to the practice of tying or anchoring the interpretation of test performance to some set of metrics. Within the assessment realm, this practice is necessary to accurately accomplish the purposes for which tests have been devised and because of the subjective nature of test design and interpretation. This entry describes the necessity of anchored assessment, its broad and narrow applications, and its use in measuring a person’s knowledge or cognitive skills.

The anchoring metaphor has been applied in three ways. First, in a broad sense, it refers to the practice of taking the raw score from a test and converting it to a derived score based on reference to one of several types of comparisons. Second, in a narrower sense, an ...

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