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Alzheimer’s Disease

The most commonly known form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by loss of neurons and synapses in the cerebral cortex and certain subcortical regions. AD is a continuum that begins with mild cognitive impairment and progresses to full stage dementia. Stages are classified as very mild/mild, moderate, and severe. The predominant problem is learning and retaining new knowledge (i.e., recalling appointment dates, etc.). People with AD may repeat information, forget to do tasks such as taking medication, and misplace items. They may be disoriented to time and unfamiliar places. Executive function impairments become apparent when organizing information and decision making become impaired.

Cognitively complex tasks such as managing finances and driving a car can become challenging. Most self-care tasks can still ...

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