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Swallowing Disorders: Prophylactic Therapy

Traditional interventions for swallowing disorders often fall within the domain of rehabilitation. However, the term rehabilitation does not fully capture all types of interventions used in dysphagia treatment. One model of therapy provision that focuses on the preservation of healthy swallowing patterns is termed prophylactic therapy. The prophylactic interventions (sometimes called preventive interventions) consist of measures or actions taken to prevent a disease outcome before the actual disease or disorder is present. These interventions can include screening, identifying risk factors, providing education for healthy behavioral practices, prescribing exercise or self-help actions, or even instructing in relaxation activities. Prevention activities can also be performed at several levels, for example, (a) as primary prevention, which acts to avoid the occurrence of the disease; (b) secondary preventions, which ...

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