Stuttering is a speech disorder, thought to be a problem with neural speech processing. During a moment of stuttering, the person is momentarily unable to move forward with speech. At this point, the speaker repeats words and syllables and/or becomes stuck completely on a word. The duration of a stuttering moment can last from 1 s to up to 30 s. Those speech disruptions may be accompanied by ticlike extraneous movements of the face, head, and upper body.

The fundamental drivers of treatment for a disorder are the complaints that the affected clients have when they come to clinics seeking help. In the case of stuttering, there are two broad categories of such client complaints. Behavioral complaints are related to the actual stuttering, and nonbehavioral complaints ...

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