A relational analysis is an examination of a child’s speech productions in relation to the adult targets. Most typically, this process involves the comparison of a child’s productions to the adult targets. It describes the difference between what the child is trying to produce and what the child actually produces. This type of analysis contrasts with an independent analysis, which describes a child’s abilities without reference to the adult targets. An independent analysis simply lists what a child produces. For example, for a child who produces the word cat (/kæt/) as [dæt], a relational analysis would indicate that the child produced the word inaccurately. Specifically, the child produced the prevocalic /k/ inaccurately and instead produced [d]. An independent analysis would simply describe what the ...

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