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Phonological Processes

Phonological processes describe speech sound errors in terms of patterns. Grounded in David Stampe’s Natural Phonology, these descriptors define how the child’s production differs from the adult form. Natural phonological processes are presumed to be innate and motivated by human physiological limitations on the production of speech. Hence, it is presumed that these processes are common across languages. While phonological processes can be used as a synonym for phonological rules, the latter specifically refers to linguistic principles associated with a particular language. These rules describe relationships among phonological elements at different levels of phonology (i.e., surface vs. deep levels) and are written using formulas to describe changes in the basic features underlying unique phonemes (i.e., distinctive features).

Phonological processes then simplify the information provided by phonological ...

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