Pharmacological Interventions in Speech and Language Disorders

Most psychiatric disorders affect how patients perceive the world around them and/or how the world perceives them via their ability to communicate. Thus, while it could be argued that almost any psychiatric illness has an element of communicative disorder, this entry focuses on such disorders as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), where disordered communications either are central criteria for their diagnosis or play an outsized role in their clinical manifestation.

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism first came to medical attention with Leo Kanner’s case reports of children who exhibited extreme aloneness, with notable deficits in social interaction and expressive language abilities. Contemporaneously, Hans Asperger described a group of children with similar levels of decreased functioning in social skill sets, ...

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