In epistemology, the prefix meta- before a category (e.g., meta- before phonology) means “about” (or “with,” “across,” “after,” “above,” or “beyond”) the rest of the word. Meta- also implies “the self.” So, metacognition is the act of using cognitive skills to consider and speak about mental processes (cognition about cognition); metalanguage involves using language to reflect on and discuss language (language about language); and metaphonology refers to individuals applying phonological knowledge, phonological awareness (PA), and phonological skills to reflect on, talk about, and explain phonology, thereby revealing their understanding. This entry provides an overview of metaphonology.

Phonological Knowledge

In speech, there are four types of phonological knowledge: perceptual knowledge of the acoustic and perceptual characteristics of speech sounds; articulatory knowledge of the places, voicing, and manners of ...

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