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Memory is the process of encoding, storing, and retrieving information. Historically, psychologists have partitioned memory into two systems: short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM). STM memory refers to a temporary store for information that is held in mind for just a few seconds. STM has a very limited capacity of just 4–6 items. LTM holds information for much longer periods of time and has a much larger capacity. The term working memory (WM) is used to refer to multiple STM and LTM processes that are involved in holding information in an accessible state and then manipulating it for use in completing a task or solving a problem. The primary difference between WM and STM is that WM refers to moment-by-moment storage and manipulation, while ...

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