Interviewing is a basic mode of inquiry in clinical services and research activity in a range of professions including Speech–Language pathology and audiology, medicine, social work, psychology, and mental health disciplines. As a clinical activity, the interview serves several purposes including constituting the first contact with a client, establishing the relationship between the clinician and the client, and providing the basis for assessment and management. Clinical interviews have traditionally been conducted from the perspective of professional as expert who is seeking specific types of information; however, since the 1970s–1980s, professionals more frequently employ a collaborative, ethnographic interviewing style that seeks to discover the experiences and perspectives of the client. Effective interviewing requires an understanding of the purpose of the interview, theoretical orientations to human interaction, ...

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